By Regna Darnell
An exam of Americanist anthropology, in line with Boasian and Powellist ideas and centering at the center of the continuity throughout paradigm transition.
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Extra info for And Along Came Boas: Continuity and Revolution in Americanist Anthropology
Under Louis Agassiz (1807-1873; cf. Lurie 1974) and ran the Harvard Zoological M u s e u m before turning to the archaeology and folklore of the American Southwest. John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt (1859-1937) was a part-Tuscarora streetcar conductor and schoolteacher before becoming secretary to Erminnie Smith (1836-1886) of the Bureau. James O w e n Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary, Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) a statistician turned army officer, James M o o n e y (1861-1921) a newspaper reporter, Washington Matthews (1843-1905) an army physician, Stephen Powers (1840-1904) a California farmer andfinitgrower, W J M c G e e (whose preference for omitting periods after his initials is respected here) a blacksmith turned geologist.
T o this end, he manipulated personnel, collections, wording of Congressional bills, and political networks in order to build up an organization for government science. But he was in a minority position in a progressively more conservative political climate. M a n y Congressmen felt that government science had grown too powerful. T h e Allison Commission of 1885 proposed administrative consolidation of a number of government scientific organizations. Powell suggested Smithsonian auspices for an even larger list of bureaus engaged in original research.
Chapter 2 Government-Sponsored Science The development of the Bureau cannot be understood apart from changing concepts of science and the role of the federal government in its pursuit at the end of the 19th century. The peculiar relations of Powell's Bureau to the politically vulnerable Geological Surveys and to the relatively abstract and apolitical science of the Smithsonian Institution determined what anthropological research w a s possible. Powell walked a fine pragmatic line between professionalization and politics.
And Along Came Boas: Continuity and Revolution in Americanist Anthropology by Regna Darnell