By National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future
Energy construction and use contact our lives in numerous methods. we're reminded of the price of strength whenever we refill on the fuel pump, pay an electrical energy invoice, or buy an airline price tag. strength use additionally has vital oblique affects, now not all of that are mirrored in present strength costs: depletion of traditional assets, degradation of our environment, and threats to nationwide safety coming up from a turning out to be dependence on geopolitically volatile areas for a few of our power offers. those oblique affects may possibly bring up sooner or later if the call for for strength rises speedier than on hand power provides. Our nation's problem is to increase an power portfolio that reduces those affects whereas supplying adequate and reasonable strength provides to maintain our destiny fiscal prosperity.
the us has huge, immense fiscal and highbrow assets that may be dropped at undergo on those demanding situations via a sustained nationwide attempt within the a long time forward. America's strength Future is meant to notify the advance of clever strength regulations by way of fostering a greater figuring out of technological suggestions for expanding strength offers and bettering the potency of power use. This precis version of the e-book can also be an invaluable source for pros operating within the power or considering advocacy and researchers and teachers in energy-related fields of study.
America's strength Future examines the deployment capability, expenses, obstacles, and affects of power provide and end-use applied sciences through the subsequent to 3 many years, together with strength potency, substitute transportation fuels, renewable strength, fossil gas strength, and nuclear strength, in addition to applied sciences for bettering the nation's electric transmission and distribution systems.
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Additional resources for America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: Summary Edition
Thus, the implications of the dramatic regional heterogeneity in the United States—for example, in energy resource endow- Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 32 America’s Energy Future Summary Edition ments, climates, and prices—on energy-supply and end-use technologies are not considered in any detail. • The potential energy-supply contributions from the options assessed in this report have been estimated technology by technology. The committee did not, however, conduct an integrated assessment of how these technologies might compete in the marketplace and how that competition and other external factors could affect actual deployment rates and outcomes over time.
It addresses energy conservation only insofar as conservation is affected by the deployment of more energy-efficient technologies. To be sure, conservation is an important option for reducing energy use, but its detailed consideration is well beyond the technological scope of this study. A study on energy conservation would require, for example, an in-depth understanding of how social, economic, and policy factors affect energy consumption. , for petroleum and coal) or the effects of possible future policies and regulations concerning CO2 emissions on such prices.
The 1990 and 2007 point estimates have been rounded to two significant figures. R01203 Source: Energy Information Administration, 2008b. 0. Source: Energy Information Administration, 2008b. R01203 Main Report 1-4 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 5 Annual per capita energy use (in million Btu per capita) as a function of gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing-power parity per capita. A progression over time for several representative countries is shown. GDP is a R01203 measure of economic activReport 1-5 ity.
America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: Summary Edition by National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future