By Brian Solomon
As soon as the second-largest steam locomotive builder within the united states, American Locomotive corporation (Alco) produced 75,000 locomotives, between them such well-known examples because the 4-6-4 Hudsons and 4-8-4 Niagaras equipped for the recent York important, and the 4-6-6-4 Challengers and 4-8-8-4 immense Boys equipped for the Union Pacific. Alco Locomotives is the 1st ebook to inform the whole tale of this corporation vital to American railroad history—and liked through railfans for its wealthy history and its underdog attraction. famous rail historian Brian Solomon seems to be again on the founding of Schenectady Locomotive Works in 1848 and proceeds to hide that company’s merger with a number of smaller locomotive developers in 1901 to shape Alco. Solomon describes the locomotives that made Alco’s identify worldwide, from the normal designs like Mikados, Atlantics, and Mallets to the extra robust and flashy post–World warfare I versions. His distinct, richly illustrated narrative re-creates the drama of a tricky, formidable corporation within the American tradition—rising time and again to the calls for of an ever-changing and economic system. Solomon additionally covers Alco electrics (built in partnership with GE), in addition to the company’s profitable and quirky diesel choices, together with the RS-2 and RS-3 street switchers, FA/FB street freight devices, PA highway passenger diesel, and the wares of Canadian associate Montreal Locomotive Works. Enlivened by means of quite a few old images, glossy photos, curious information, and firsthand bills, this heritage is an entire, attention-grabbing, and becoming tribute to a real icon of yankee railroading.
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Extra info for Alco Locomotives
As economic production and retailing have continued to employ just-in-time operations, these inventories have been able to shrink. If rail transportation were to become less reliable, these gains would be lost, as rail customers would need to increase safety stocks. In the event that a manufacturer stocks out of materials, it still incurs costs for labor, rent, interest, and any other ﬁxed costs. Retailer distribution centers also try to avoid stocking out of inventory, since doing so would lead to lost sale opportunities and might foment ill will from their customers.
At that time, railroads negotiated greater ﬂexibility in crew size and a 12-hour work day (Karr and Machalaba, 1991; Suro, 1992). Providing adequate staﬃng and using crews eﬃciently are important determinants of capacity because work rules require that train crews can work only 12 hours before they must be relieved. The Union Paciﬁc case study underlines the importance of crews: An insuﬃciently large workforce exacerbates rail capacity constraints. When the number of trains needing to Capacity 29 use a route exceeds the capacity of the available track, trains might be delayed for many hours on sidings and in yards.
Between 1925 and 1960, the railroad industry underwent a technological transformation from steam power to diesel-electric. The appeal of diesel-electric locomotives was originally their relative fuel eﬃciency and low maintenance costs, among other advantages (Stover, 1997, p. 212). Later, as the technology matured, locomotives became increasingly powerful. Each one of these more powerful locomotives can haul more tons of freight, and this trend has continued to reduce the number of locomotives needed.
Alco Locomotives by Brian Solomon