Get A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory PDF

By John J. McCarthy

ISBN-10: 0521791944

ISBN-13: 9780521791946

This ebook describes Optimality concept from the pinnacle down, explaining and exploring the crucial premises of OT and the implications that keep on with from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the concept instead of the examples, on realizing what's unique approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity. The book's insurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and sensible phonology, computational linguistics, old linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with large feedback for additional examining, categorized through subject, and are supplemented through a big bibliography (over 800 items).

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Extra info for A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory

Example text

Ti b. ti c. ti d. i * DEP * * Medial epenthesis only ** Medial & initial epenthesis : : Remarks ONSET ** * ** Deletion Faithful This example shows both activity by and blocking of ONSET. It is visibly active on the medial /a-i/ vowel sequence, forcing epenthesis of t in preference to the faithful form in (14d). Now compare (14a) and (14b). The latter has two epenthetic consonants so it incurs two DEP violations, but that should not matter because ONSET dominates DEP and (14a) has an ONSET violation that (14b) lacks.

Could learners, armed only with the schema (4), use their early experience to discover all of the Alignment constraints operative in their native language? Do learners have an innate but modest set of simple constraints, with part of learning being devoted to the discovery of how the universal constraints are conjoined in their native language? " The schemata could play a purely passive role, giving structure to universal CON without being involved in learning. Since universal constraints must be supported by factorial typology, it might seem that there is an easy strategy for finding language-particular constraints and thereby falsifying the null hypothesis: check every dubious constraint for its typological consequences under ranking permutation.

The prominent X combines least felicitously with z, which is least prominent on D2. Conversely, in HY, the 22 Core of Optimality Theory less prominent member of the binary scale D{ is mapped onto D2 in the opposite of D2's order. The least prominent element on one scale combines most felicitously with the least prominent element on the other scale, and so on up the line. The constraint alignment, derived from the harmony scales, consists of two fixed universal hierarchies. They are, in effect, the contrapositive of the corresponding harmony scales.

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A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory by John J. McCarthy

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