By Paul A. Erickson
Within the most up-to-date variation in their renowned evaluate textual content, Erickson and Murphy proceed to supply a entire, cheap, and obtainable creation to anthropological thought from antiquity to the current. a brand new part on twenty-first-century anthropological thought has been further, with extra insurance given to postcolonialism, non-Western anthropology, and public anthropology. The ebook has additionally been redesigned to be extra visually and pedagogically enticing. Used by itself, or paired with the spouse quantity Readings for a historical past of Anthropological idea, Fourth Edition, this reader deals a versatile and hugely resource for the undergraduate anthropology classroom.
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Extra info for A History of Anthropological Theory
1475–1517) sailed around South America and reached the Pacific Ocean in 1513, it became clear that the New World was in fact new (to Europeans). The first round of European exploration was concluded by Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480–1521), one of whose ships circumnavigated the globe in 1522. 2 The New World: This seventeenth-century map depicts the New World as the Island of Atlantis. Initially, European opinions of non-European Native peoples presented a major challenge to the medieval synthesis of God, people, and nature.
336–c. 264), this order was not created by people or gods but was a natural cosmic order, sometimes called Logos. This concept was later co-opted by early Christian theologians seeking to defend their beliefs against various schools of Greek philosophy. Belief in a universal social order made it possible to compare and contrast particular social orders, a fundamental task of what today we call social science. Furthermore, according to the Stoics, matter, not mind, is real; matter can be perceived; and learning is the perception of matter.
In a way, the Enlightenment was a continuation of the Scientific Revolution because Enlightenment intellectuals were so enamoured of the philosophy of Newton that they extended it from the natural into the social realm. Newton’s philosophy was called the mechanical philosophy, referring to his image of the universe as a complex machine with fine-tuned interacting parts. The machine was always moving, and the job of the scientist was to learn just how. Because Newton believed that God had created the universe, his philosophy was also called deistic; unlike a theistic philosopher, he did not invoke God to account for its day-to-day machinations.
A History of Anthropological Theory by Paul A. Erickson